The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (commonly referred as Michigan, U-M) is a public research university located in state of Michigan in United States. It is oldest university of state and flagship campus of University of Michigan. It also includes two regional campuses in Flint and Dearborn. The university was founded in 1817 in Detroit as Catholepistemiad or University of Michigania, almost 20 years before Michigan Territory formally became a state. Since its establishment in Ann Arbor, the university has physically expanded to include more than 584 major buildings with combined areas of more than 31 million gross square feet (712 acres or 2.38 Km2). It transforms its academic programs from a strictly classical curriculum to one that includes science and research. During 20th century and early 2000s, University of Michigan was site of much student activism.
In October 14, 1960 when Presidential Candidate John F. Kennedy visited University, he gave an impromptu speech on steps of Michigan Union that led to a University of Michigan student movement which contributed to establishment of Peace Corps. The university was also focal point in argument over confirmatory action within higher education admissions. In 2009 world university rankings the university was ranked 19thamong universities worldwide. In 2010 Michigan was ranked 15th in world university rankings. University has one of world’s largest numbers of living alumni at 460,000. The university is alma mater to late U.S president Gerald Ford. University owns University of Michigan Health System and has one of largest research expenditures of any American university.
Athletic teams of universities called Wolverines are members of Big Ten Conference and Central Collegiate Hockey Association. The athletic program is known for its success in ice hockey and football, the football team plays in Michigan Stadium, also known as “The Big House”, the largest college football-only stadium in world.
The Ann Arbor campus is divided into four main areas like North, Central, Medical and South Campuses. The physical infrastructure includes more than 500 major buildings, with combined area of more than 31 million square feet (712 acres or 2.38 Km2). The Central and South Campus areas are contiguous, while North Campus area is separated from them, primarily by Huron River. There is also leased space in building scattered throughout city, several occupied by organizations affiliated with University of Michigan Health System. An East Medical Campus has recently been developed on Plymouth Road, with several universities owned buildings for outpatient care, diagnostics and outpatient surgery.
All four campuses are connected by bus service, the majority of which connect North and Central Campuses. There is a shuttle service connecting University Hospital, which lies between North and Central Campuses with other medical facilities throughout northeastern Ann Arbor.